Sun Aug 26, 2012, 11:37 AM
Segami (9,506 posts)
The Progressive Republican Party Of 1956
The final revelation of the Republican platform for 2012 is just around the corner. While leaks of draft revisions have cropped up over the past few weeks, the finished version is not to officially be released until the upcoming convention in Tampa, Florida. It is time, then, to consider where the Republican Party has come from, and how far they have sunk: :
Republican Party Platform of 1956 (abbreviated)
Declaration of Faith
-Our Government was created by the people for all the people, and it must serve no less a purpose.
- We hold that the major world issue today is whether Government shall be the servant or the master of men. We hold that the Bill of Rights is the sacred foundation of personal liberty. That men are created equal needs no affirmation, but they must have equality of opportunity and protection of their civil rights under the law.
We hold that the strict division of powers and the primary responsibility of State and local governments must be maintained, and that the centralization of powers in the national Government leads to expansion of the mastery of our lives,
- In these and all other areas of proper Government concern, we pledge our best thought and whole energy to a continuation of our prized peace, prosperity and progress.
For our guidance in fulfilling this responsibility, President Eisenhower has given us a statement of principles that is neither partisan nor prejudiced, but warmly American:
The individual is of supreme importance.
The spirit of our people is the strength of our nation.
America does not prosper unless all Americans prosper.
Government must have a heart as well as a head.
Courage in principle, cooperation in practice make freedom positive.
To stay free, we must stay strong.
Taxation and Fiscal Policy
-Gradual reduction of the national debt.
Then, insofar as consistent with a balanced budget, we pledge to work toward these additional objectives:
Further reductions in taxes with particular consideration for low and middle income families.
Initiation of a sound policy of tax reductions which will encourage small independent businesses to modernize and progress.
Continual study of additional ways to correct inequities in the effect of various taxes.
- This is as it should be, for as President Eisenhower said: "Labor is the United States. The men and women, who with their minds, their hearts and hands, create the wealth that is shared in this country—they are America."
-All workers have gained and unions have grown in strength and responsibility, and have increased their membership by 2 millions.
Furthermore, the process of free collective bargaining has been strengthened by the insistence of this Administration that labor and management settle their differences at the bargaining table without the intervention of the Government. This policy has brought to our country an unprecedented period of labor-management peace and understanding.
-Stimulate improved job safety of our workers, through assistance to the States, employees and employers;
Continue and further perfect its programs of assistance to the millions of workers with special employment problems, such as older workers, handicapped workers, members of minority groups, and migratory workers;
Strengthen and improve the Federal-State Employment Service and improve the effectiveness of the unemployment insurance system;
Protect by law, the assets of employee welfare and benefit plans so that workers who are the beneficiaries can be assured of their rightful benefits;
Assure equal pay for equal work regardless of Sex;
Continue to fight for the elimination of discrimination in employment because of race, creed, color, national origin, ancestry or sex;
Provide assistance to improve the economic conditions of areas faced with persistent and substantial unemployment;
Revise and improve the Taft-Hartley Act so as to protect more effectively the rights of labor unions, management, the individual worker, and the public. The protection of the right of workers to organize into unions and to bargain collectively is the firm and permanent policy of the Eisenhower Administration. In 1954, 1955 and again in 1956, President Eisenhower recommended constructive amendments to this Act.
Federal Government Integrity
-We believe that working for the Government is not a right but a privilege. Based on that principle we will continue a security program to make certain that all people employed by our Government are of unquestioned loyalty and trustworthiness. The Republican Party will, realistically and in conformity with constitutional safeguards for the individual, continue to protect our national security by enforcing our laws fairly, vigorously, and with certainty. We will act through the new division established to this end in the Department of Justice, and by close coordination among the intelligence services.
-We have left no stone unturned to remove from Government the irresponsible and those whose employment was not clearly consistent with national security.
We promise unwavering vigilance against corruption and waste, and shall continue so to manage the public business as to warrant our people's full confidence in the integrity of their Government.
We condemn illegal lobbying for any cause and improper use of money in political activities, including the use of funds collected by compulsion for political purposes contrary to the personal desires of the individual.
District of Columbia
We favor self-government, national suffrage and representation in the Congress of the United States for residents of the District of Columbia.
We will vigorously promote, as we have in the past, a non-political career service under the merit system which will attract and retain able servants of the people. Many gains in this field, notably pay increases and a host of new benefits, have been achieved in their behalf in less than four years.
The Republican Party will continue to fight for eagerly desired new advances for Government employees, and realistic reappraisement and adjustment of benefits for our retired civil service personnel.
We recommend to Congress the submission of a constitutional amendment providing equal rights for men and women.
The many Negroes who have been appointed to high public positions have played a significant part in the progress of this Administration.
The Republican Party has unequivocally recognized that the supreme law of the land is embodied in the Constitution, which guarantees to all people the blessings of liberty, due process and equal protection of the laws. It confers upon all native-born and naturalized citizens not only citizenship in the State where the individual resides but citizenship of the United States as well. This is an unqualified right, regardless of race, creed or color.
The Republican Party accepts the decision of the U.S.. Supreme Court that racial discrimination in publicly supported schools must be progressively eliminated.
We believe that true progress can be attained through intelligent study, understanding, education and good will. Use of force or violence by any group or agency will tend only to worsen the many problems inherent in the situation. This progress must be encouraged and the work of the courts supported in every legal manner by all branches of the Federal Government to the end that the constitutional ideal of the law, regardless of race, creed or color, be steadily achieved.
The Republican Party supports an immigration policy which is in keeping with the traditions of America in providing a haven for oppressed peoples, and which is based on equality of treatment, freedom from implications of discrimination between racial, nationality and religious groups, and flexible enough to conform to changing needs and conditions.
We believe also that the Congress should consider the extension of the Refugee Relief Act of 1953 in resolving this difficult refugee problem which resulted from world conflict. To all this we give our wholehearted support.
We believe that active duty in the Armed Forces during a state of war or national emergency is the highest call of citizenship constituting a special service to our nation and entitles those who have served to positive assistance to alleviate the injuries, hardships and handicaps imposed by their service.
In advancing this Republican program we pledge:
That compensation for injuries and disease arising out of service be fairly and generously provided for all disabled veterans and for their dependents or survivors;
That a pension program for disabled war veterans in need and for their widows and orphans in need be maintained as long as necessary to assure them adequate income;
That all veterans be given equal and adequate opportunity for readjustment following service, including unemployment compensation when needed, but placing emphasis on obtaining suitable employment for veterans, particularly those disabled, by using appropriate facilities of government and by assuring that Federal employment preference and re-employment rights, to which the veteran is entitled, are received;
That the Veterans Administration be continued as a single independent agency providing veterans services;
That the service-disabled continue to receive first-priority medical services of the highest standard and that non-service disabled war veterans in need receive hospital care to the extent that beds are available.
Equal work for Equal Pay? Federalized education standards? Expanded unions? Trust-busting and anti-monopoly laws? Elimination of racism and sexism? Strengthened Social Security and a national health care plan?
If this were the party running today, the Democrats would be unable to stop them. This is a plan of a powerful voice, one of real populism, one of the people. Rather than running away from society, it embraced it, and sought to rectify the malaise of society. This is the party which would, in a year’s time, send the National Guard in to open up the schools to all students, black or white. This is the party which stood for all Americans, which took on corporate greed and said with one voice, “NO!” This is the party of Theodore Roosevelt; of Abraham Lincoln.
The Republican party of today would shame these great men. And I am ashamed that they have soiled the name which once stood for equality for all people. They fought for all; worker or farmer, all were welcome at the table of prosperity, and no one was left behind. The Republicans of today are but a shadow of their former glory; now they’re Republi-can’ts. They tasted power and it corrupted them to their cores.
15 replies, 1905 views
The Progressive Republican Party Of 1956 (Original post)
|Cooley Hurd||Aug 2012||#1|
|central scrutinizer||Aug 2012||#3|
|central scrutinizer||Aug 2012||#7|
Response to Segami (Original post)
Sun Aug 26, 2012, 12:07 PM
Hippo_Tron (25,453 posts)
5. The thing is that Eisenhower was a moderate, even for his time
Today's Republicans would probably consider themselves the descendents of the Robert Taft wing of the Republican Party which didn't really care for labor unions or civil rights.
So if you're looking at this document going "where the fuck did all this crazy we have to day come from?" the answer is that it was always there. It's just that in the 1950's the Republicans nominated a popular war hero who wasn't particularly right wing to be their leader. Then in 1968 they nominated one who was right wing on crime and foreign policy, but was perfectly content to let the Democrats in congress handle domestic policy.
Reagan was the resurgence of the Taft wing of the GOP, which had spent decades in decline.
Response to Hippo_Tron (Reply #5)
Sun Aug 26, 2012, 12:24 PM
central scrutinizer (6,320 posts)
7. And in the South, the Democratic Party was the party of States' Rights and Jim Crow
Even though the Civil War was almost 100 years ago, they still hated Abraham Lincoln that much. Then that hate was redirected at the traitor, Lyndon Johnson, who helped get much of the civil rights legislation passed. That set up the whole "Southern strategy".
Response to Segami (Original post)
Sun Aug 26, 2012, 12:08 PM
Segami (9,506 posts)
6. The republican party thugs today would label the 1956 republican party as Communists, Socialists,
Today's Republican Party CABAL is run and controlled by THUGS, SHYSTERS, GRIFTERS and CON ARTISTS!
Response to Segami (Original post)
Sun Aug 26, 2012, 02:44 PM
johnlucas (1,130 posts)
10. Everything changed in 1964
No one really wants to admit that one major reason American political parties form the way they do is because of the Issue of the Black People.
This goes back to the very beginning of the political camps. All the way to the 1780s & 1790s with their immoral 3/5 of a person rule.
Remember they divided the country into Free State & Slave State after not being able to come to a decision on what to do with the Blacks which built the backbone of this country.
That Compromise of 1820 which unraveled in the 1860s in that famous war.
Every time the Issue of the Black People comes up the political coalitions realign & transform.
Frankie Roosevelt began a realignment in the 1930s that wasn't finished until John Kennedy & his boy Lyndon Johnson signed that Civil Rights Act in 1964.
We've been dealing with that general realignment ever since & now with the reality of a Black President, the coalitions are realigning again here in 2012.
Bigoted Whites are the bane of this nation & are the faction that keeps the nation from improving.
Roosevelt did many things right but these bigoted Whites were pissed that he wanted to include Blacks in all the fun.
So these Democrats who descend from Southern slaveowning plantation dude Tom Jefferson renamed themselves Dixiecrats or "States' Rights" Democrats in protest of these traitor Democrats who desegregated the Military allowing Blacks in.
The Republican Party which used to be the ones fighting those slaveowners in the 1860s left Blacks in the lurch after ending Reconstruction in 1877. And with the FDR's new model of Democrats being responsible for ending the Great Depression with the New Deal & helping to win World War II, they needed to get every bit of support they could muster in order to stay solvent as a party.
Hence your Progressive Republican Party platform of 1956 which includes support for the still-disenfranchised Blacks.
But after LBJ finished Kennedy's work & opened the doors for Blacks with that 1964 Civil Rights Act, the Republicans knew they lost their chance & could end up like the Whig Party.
These new Democrats are getting ALL the big business done!
Meanwhile, the Dixiecrats felt it was the last straw & left the Democratic Party in exodus.
This was the last chance for the Republican Party to stay alive so they absorbed all of those Bigoted Whites & formed a new coalition abandoning whatever you saw in that 1956 platform. Ironic that these former Dixiecrats joined the party which once opposed their ancestors & freed the slaves.
With the power of the Bigoted Whites who would wreck the country just to get back at the Blacks (& other ethnic groups which could be equated with Blacks), Rick Nixon then Ron Reagan then George Bush and George Bush the Sequel began rolling back all the advances made with Roosevelt's New Deal & its descendant policies like the Great Society.
Instead of pushing back the post-1964 Democrats let themselves get pushed over in order not to offend that giant angry bigoted White mass. There must be a Third Way to coax those bigots back on our side.
After running virtually unchallenged or barely challenged for 3 decades, George Bush the Sequel allowed this political coalition to MAX OUT unchecked & wrecked the power of the coalition in the process.
In the aftermath of this destructive excess came the first Black President, Barack Obama. Delivered by the Democrats.
Unfortunately Obama still plays these Third Way games & stalls the inevitable dissolving of the coalition represented in Republican Party. Yet even still this election is once again the crossroads for the Republican Party. This coalition containing the Bigoted Whites is crumbling & splintering. And once again it all comes down the Issue of the Black People. Especially when some of those Black People are the President & the rest of the First Family.
This country was built on White Supremacy. It was built on Racism.
The only reason it changes is because some Whites actually believe in Equality for ALL people.
However those numbers are not quite enough to offset the Whites who don't...yet.
But each time a White casts aside the mentality of White Supremacy & picks up Equality, more Blacks, Asians, Hispanics, First Nationals, Gays, & every other devalued group get to add to the numbers that offset those bigots.
Obama has the power to finish off that bigoted coalition forever.
He hasn't used it. He NEEDS to use it.
End those Third Way tactics. Let's get back to the First Way & make some New Deals.
It's not just the crossroads for the Republican Party.
Response to LongTomH (Reply #11)
Sun Aug 26, 2012, 04:41 PM
johnlucas (1,130 posts)
12. Thank you LongTomH!
I have no fears of Obama not winning this election because of that historical perspective.
He will win handily in November because the "Conservative" "Moral Majority" Republican coalition is disintegrating.
That's why they are getting more & more extreme.
That's why Santorum comes out here with "I don't want to make Black people's lives better" then says "Blah people".
That's why Ron Paul is scared to embrace his racist newsletters yet still cliques up with White supremacist Don Black.
That's why the Tea Party exists. That's why the Birthers exist. That's why they play these Muslim boogeyman games.
That's why they play these "illegal immigrant" games with the Mexicans (isn't one of those U.S. states called New Mexico?).
That's why they play these "gay marriage" games.
That's why they try to roll back all the social advances made since Roosevelt's time...
...which includes abortion rights, Social Security & Medicare solvency, reformed Voter ID laws (no more Jim Crow crap).
That's why they are attacking every group included in the opposite coalition...ours.
That opposite coalition has finally outnumbered them on the national level.
Obama threw away a golden opportunity to seal their fate in his first term & has one last chance to fix what he messed up.
The Republican Party you knew all these decades is fading from the national scene & it will transform once again to prevent ending up like the Whig Party. The factions in that coalition are dispersing into new & different political camps as the coalition loses its cohesion.
And yes, a few of those factions will infiltrate the Democratic Party if they already haven't.
But making a Democratic Party that's more like the less-outwardly-extreme Republican Party of the past won't do us any good.
Roosevelt's Democrats/the post-1964 Democrats must continue in their Progressive position.
The Third Way is CRAP.
The First Way is exampled in the Second Bill of Rights by FDR.
HUMAN Rights for each & every one. No compromises.
Do The Right Thing, Obama.
Response to Segami (Reply #14)
Mon Aug 27, 2012, 02:36 AM
johnlucas (1,130 posts)
15. Thank you for yours
When I browse these forums at Democratic Underground, I'm always looking for unique interesting posts like these to learn from & discuss. I see a historical perspective & then try to add more insight on how that perspective evolved.
I don't get too caught up on political party labels because they have changed multiple times in U.S. history.
The Democrats used to be "the Bad Guys" once. "Liberal" in this country means a whole 'nother thing than "Liberal" does in other countries. If I'm gonna attach a label to myself I want it to be as accurate & sensible as possible.
That's why I don't mind the label "Progressive" because I'm about social & economic progress.
"Liberal" means "to free" but to free from what? To free big business from regulation & oversight? To liberate the gun manufacturers from social responsibility? To free the wealthy from paying their fair share in taxes? To free the sale of marijuana for all the ganja smokers?
"Conservative" means "saving" but saving what? To save the promise of the Second Bill of Rights? To save the wildlife as a conservationist? To save the ozone layer from pollution? To save the whales?
Both terms can be used for positive & negative meanings when you look at the word on the surface.
And the overall buckets these terms fit in, Democratic & Republican, make even LESS sense.
I always say I'm more interested in the UNDERGROUND of this site than the DEMOCRATIC.
The truth of how the parties align in the end always come back to how the Bigoted Whites see the Black People.
The country was simply built on the mythology of "a superior race". How can you expect it to be any different?